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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 201-205

Hospital-based surveillance: Accuracy, adequacy, and timeliness of dengue case report in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia of 2015

Department of Child Health, Hasan Sadikin General Hospital/Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Riyadi Adrizain
Jl. Pasteur No. 38, Bandung 40161, West Java
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jgid.jgid_108_17

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Context: Dengue fever (DF) altogether with its severe forms, dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome, has become public health concerns. Indonesia belongs to category A of endemicity for DF/DHF. One of the several efforts to control dengue virus infection in Indonesia is a passive surveillance called “Dengue Case Surveillance.” Timeliness report defined as a report sent within 24 h after the clinical diagnosis is needed to have a proper surveillance. The study on the evaluation of dengue case report in terms of accuracy, adequacy, and timeliness in Indonesia is still limited. Aims: The aim of this study was to identify the accuracy, adequacy, and timeliness from the reports of dengue viral infection (DVI) cases admitted from January 1 to December 31, 2015 to 7 major hospitals in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Settings and Design: This was a retrospective analysis study. Materials and Methods: To evaluate the accuracy, all medical records of DVI patients were reviewed epidemiologically, clinically, and laboratory using a standardized questionnaire. To evaluate the adequacy, hospital data were compared with reported data in Bandung Municipality Health Authority. To evaluate the timeliness of report, interview to the person in charge for dengue reporting cases in each hospital and in Bandung Municipality Health Authority were performed. Statistical Analysis Used: Univariate analysis was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 4096 (72%) of 5712 hospitalized DVI cases lived in Bandung Municipality. The accuracy of the clinical diagnosis was 3397 out of 4096 cases (82.9%). The adequacy of the accurate cases was 1553 out of 3397 cases (45.7%). Conclusions: The timeliness of report was varied, ranging from days to month. The accuracy of dengue cases was good, but the adequacy and timely reporting should be strengthened.

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2008 Journal of Global Infectious Diseases | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th December, 2008