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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 222-225

Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing community-acquired urinary tract infections in children: Chart review of risk factors

Department of Pediatrics, Kanchi Kamakoti CHILDS Trust Hospital and CHILDS Trust Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sundaram Balasubramanian
Kanchi Kamakoti Childs Trust Hospital and The Childs Trust, Medical Research Foundation, 12-A, Nageswara Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai - 600 034, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-777X.246391

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Background: Community acquired urinary tract infections (CA-UTI) caused by extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) producing organisms is on the rise throughout the world. There are known risk factors such as age <1 year, children on uroprophylaxis, recurrent UTI, recent antibiotic usage etc which can predict the occurrence of these ESBL producers. Objectives: To correlate known risk factors with occurrence of ESBL UTI and antibiotic susceptibility of uropathogens isolated. Materials and Methods: Clinical and microbiological data were collected from 100 children 1month to 12 years with CA-UTI. The risk factors were compared in the ESBL and non-ESBL group and analysed. Results and Conclusion: The antimicrobial sensitivity pattern in our study showed increased resistance to cephalosporins, cotrimoxazole, fluoroquinolones and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid which are frequently used in the treatment of UTI, with most isolates being sensitive to aminoglycosides, piperacillin-tazobactam and carbapenems. Statistical analysis did not identify any significant risk factor that predisposes to ESBL UTI.

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2008 Journal of Global Infectious Diseases | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow
Online since 10th December, 2008