Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

GEOGRAPHIC MEDICINE
Year
: 2010  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 242--245

Oviposition deterrence induced by Ocimum kilimandscharicum and Ocimum suave extracts to gravid Anopheles gambiae s.s (Diptera: Culicidae) in laboratory


Eliningaya J Kweka, Ester E Lyatuu, Michael A Mboya, Beda J Mwang'onde, Aneth M Mahande 
 Division of Livestock and Human Disease Vectors Control, Mosquito Section, Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, P.O. Box 3024, Arusha, Tanzania

Correspondence Address:
Eliningaya J Kweka
Division of Livestock and Human Disease Vectors Control, Mosquito Section, Tropical Pesticides Research Institute, P.O. Box 3024, Arusha
Tanzania

Background: In most of the past decades, mosquito control has been done by the use of indoor residual spray and insecticides-treated bed nets. The control of mosquitoes by targeting the breeding sites (larval habitat) has not been given priority. Disrupting the oviposition sensory detection of mosquitoes by introducing deterrents of plant origin, which are cheap resources, might be add value to integrated vector control. Such knowledge is required in order to successfully manipulate the behavior of mosquitoes for monitoring or control. Materials and Methods: Twenty gravid mosquitoes were placed in a cage measuring 30 Χ 30 Χ 30 cm for oviposition. The oviposition media were made of different materials. Experiments were set up at 6:00 pm, and eggs were collected for counting at 7:30 am. Mosquitoes were observed until they died. The comparisons of the number of eggs were made between the different treatments. Results: There was significant difference in the number of eggs found in control cups when compared with the number of eggs found in water treated with Ocimum kilimandscharicum (OK) (P=0.02) or Ocimum suave (OS) (P=0.000) and that found in water with debris treated with OK (P=0.011) or OS (P=0.002). There was no significant difference in the number of eggs laid in treated water and the number of eggs laid in water with debris treated either with OK (P=0.105) or OS (P=0.176). Oviposition activity index for both OS and OK experiments lay in a negative side and ranged from −0.19% to −1%. The results show that OS and OK deter oviposition in An.gambiae s.s. Conclusions: Further research needs to be done on the effect of secondary metabolites of these plant extracts as they decompose in the breeding sites. In the event of favorable results, the potential of these plant extracts can be harnessed on a larger scale.


How to cite this article:
Kweka EJ, Lyatuu EE, Mboya MA, Mwang'onde BJ, Mahande AM. Oviposition deterrence induced by Ocimum kilimandscharicum and Ocimum suave extracts to gravid Anopheles gambiae s.s (Diptera: Culicidae) in laboratory.J Global Infect Dis 2010;2:242-245


How to cite this URL:
Kweka EJ, Lyatuu EE, Mboya MA, Mwang'onde BJ, Mahande AM. Oviposition deterrence induced by Ocimum kilimandscharicum and Ocimum suave extracts to gravid Anopheles gambiae s.s (Diptera: Culicidae) in laboratory. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2010 [cited 2022 Sep 27 ];2:242-245
Available from: https://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2010;volume=2;issue=3;spage=242;epage=245;aulast=Kweka;type=0