Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41--50

Laboratory detection and clinical implication of oxacillinase-48 like carbapenemase: The hidden threat


Yamuna Devi Bakthavatchalam, Shalini Anandan, Balaji Veeraraghavan 
 Department of Clinical Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Balaji Veeraraghavan
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
India

Carbapenemase producing Gram-negative pathogen is of great concern for physician. The challenging aspects are treatment option and infection control. Monitoring of respective carbapenemase resistance mechanism is necessary to prevent the outbreaks. Currently, the rapid emergence of oxacillinase (OXA-48) like is alarming. Increasing frequency of OXA-48 is seen than the classical carbapenemase (KPC, NDM, IMP, and VIM) across the world. The blaOXA-48 gene is commonly identified in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The transferrable plasmid of OXA-48 is associated with rapid spread and inter-species dissemination. In general, OXA-48-like enzymes weakly hydrolyzes both carbapenem and broad spectrum cephalosporins. Except OXA-163, which effectively hydrolyze cephalosporin. This poor hydrolytic profile obscures the detection of OXA-48-like. It may go undetected in routine diagnosis and complicates the treatment option. Co-production of OXA-48-like with CTX-M-15 and other carbapenemase (NDM, VIM) leads to the emergence of multidrug resistant strains.


How to cite this article:
Bakthavatchalam YD, Anandan S, Veeraraghavan B. Laboratory detection and clinical implication of oxacillinase-48 like carbapenemase: The hidden threat.J Global Infect Dis 2016;8:41-50


How to cite this URL:
Bakthavatchalam YD, Anandan S, Veeraraghavan B. Laboratory detection and clinical implication of oxacillinase-48 like carbapenemase: The hidden threat. J Global Infect Dis [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Jun 27 ];8:41-50
Available from: https://www.jgid.org/article.asp?issn=0974-777X;year=2016;volume=8;issue=1;spage=41;epage=50;aulast=Bakthavatchalam;type=0